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What are Hammertoes?

Hammertoes are classified based on the mobility of the toe joints.
There are two types - flexible and rigid. In a flexible hammertoe, the joint has the ability to move. This type of hammertoe can be straightened manually.
A rigid hammertoe does not have that same ability to move. Movement is very limited and can be extremely painful.
This sometimes causes foot movement to become restricted leading to extra stress at the ball-of-the-foot, and possibly causing pain and the development of corns and calluses.

What are the causes?

Hammer toes result from a muscle imbalance which causes the ligaments and tendons to become unnaturally tight. This results in the joint curling downward. Arthritis can also lead to many different forefoot deformities, including hammer toes.


What is the treatment of Hammertoes?

Changing the type of footwear worn is a very important step in the treatment of hammer toes. When choosing a shoe, make sure the toe box (toe area) is high and broad, and can accommodate the hammer toes. A shoe with a high, broad toe box will provide enough room in the forefoot area so that there is less friction against the toes.
Other conservative treatments include using forefoot products designed to relieve hammer toes, such as hammer toe crests and hammer toe splints. These devices will help hold down the hammer toe and provide relief to the forefoot.
Amron Gel Toe Crests offer relief from pain caused by hammer, claw, or mallet toes. The crest fits comfortably between the ball of- your-foot and toes, relieving pressure from the toe area.


What are Corns?

Corns like calluses develop from an accumulation of dead skin cells on the foot, forming thick, hardened areas.
They contain a cone-shaped core with a point that can press on a nerve below, causing pain.
Corns are a very common ailment that usually forms on the tops, sides and tips of the toes.
Corns can become inflamed due to constant friction and pressure from footwear. Corns that form between the toes are sometimes referred to as soft corns.


What are the Causes?

The main cause is excessive pressure on the foot.
Some of the common causes of corn development are tight fitting footwear, high heeled footwear, tight fitting stockings and socks, deformed toes, or the foot sliding forward in a shoe that fits too loosely.
Soft corns result from bony prominences and are located between the toes.
They become soft due to perspiration in the forefoot area.
Complications that can arise from corns include bursitis and the development of an ulcer.


How to prevent corns?

There are very simple ways to prevent and treat the corns.
One should wear properly fitted footwear with extra room in the toe box (toe area).
Avoid shoes that are too tight or too loose.
Use an orthotic or shoe insert made with materials that will absorb shock and shear forces.
Also avoid tight socks and stockings to provide a healthier environment for the foot.
Try to steer away from corn removing solutions and medicated pads. These solutions can sometimes increase irritation and discomfort.
Diabetics and all other individuals with poor circulation should never use any chemical agents to remove corns.


What is the treatment?

Use corn caps for treatment of corns. If they large in number, they are surgically removed. Along with use Amron Premium full length Insoles that are biomechanically designed & work on offloading pressure system.
Amron Premium Full length Insoles help in redistributing the foot pressure & for excellent shock absorption.



What if they are left untreated?

If left untreated, they can result in ulcers.


What are Bunions?

Bunions, referred to in the medical community as Hallux Valgus, are one of the most common forefoot problems.
A bunion is a prominent bump on the inside of the foot around the big toe joint. This bump is actually a bone protruding towards the inside of the foot.
With the continued movement of the big toe towards the smaller toes, it is common to find the big toe resting under or over the second toe. This causes a common forefoot condition called overlapping toes.
Some of the symptoms of bunions include inflammation, swelling, and soreness on the side surface of the big toe. The discomfort commonly causes a patient to walk improperly.
Another type of bunion which some individuals experience is called a Tailor's Bunion, also known as a Bunionette.
This forms on the outside of the foot towards the joint at the little toe.
It is a smaller bump that forms due to the little toe moving inwards, towards the big toe.


What are the causes?

Bunions are a common problem experienced mostly by women.
The deformity can develop from an abnormality in foot function, or arthritis, but is more commonly caused by wearing improper fitting footwear.
Tight, narrow dress shoes with a constrictive toe box (toe area) can cause the foot to begin to take the shape of the shoe, leading to the formation of a bunion.
Women who have bunions normally wear dress shoes that are too small for their feet.
Their toes are squeezed together in their shoes causing the first metatarsal bone to protrude on the side of the foot.


What is the treatment?

In the early stages of the formation of a bunion, soaking feet in warm water can provide temporary relief.
The best way to alleviate the pain associated with bunions is to wear properly fitting shoes. Shoes designed with a high, wide toe box (toe area) are recommended for people suffering from forefoot disorders, such as bunions. Shoes with rocker soles will unload pressure to the bunion area.
Orthotics is also recommended for this condition to provide extra comfort, support, and protection. Use Amron Hallux Straightner to avoid any overlapping of the second toe over the toe.

What if they are left untreated?

It is important for men and women to realize that wearing dress shoes and boots, which are tapered in the toe area, can cause the bunion to worsen to the point where surgery is necessary.


What are Calluses?

The formation of calluses is caused by an accumulation of dead skin cells that harden and thicken over an area of the foot.
This callus formation is the body's defense mechanism to protect the foot against excessive pressure and friction.
Calluses are normally found on the ball-of-the-foot, the heel, and/or the inside of the big toe. Some calluses have a deep seated core known as a nucleation.
This particular type of callus can be especially painful to pressure. This condition is often referred to as Intractable Plantar Keratosis.

What are the causes?

Calluses develop because of excessive pressure at a specific area of the foot.
Some common causes of callus formation are high-heeled dress shoes, shoes that are too small, obesity, abnormalities in the gait cycle (walking motion), flat feet, high arched feet, bony prominences, and the loss of the fatty pad on the bottom of the foot.


What are the precautions while treating calluses?

Many people try to alleviate the pain caused by calluses by cutting or trimming them with a razor blade or knife. This is not the way to treat calluses properly. This is very dangerous and can worsen the condition resulting in unnecessary injuries. Diabetics especially should never try this type of treatment.

What is the treatment?

To relieve the excessive pressure that leads to callus formation, weight should be redistributed equally with the use of an orthotic.
An effective orthotic redistributes pressure away from the "hot spots" or high pressured areas to allow the callus to heal. The orthotic should be made with materials that absorb shock and shear (friction) forces. Women should also avoid wearing high-heeled shoes.
Use Amron Premium full length Insoles that are biomechanically designed & work on offloading pressure system. Amron Premium Full length Insoles help in redistributing the foot pressure & for excellent shock absorption.


What if, they are left untreated?

If not treated, calluses can lead to wounds & ulcers.

What is Metatarsalgia?

Metatarsalgia is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the metatarsal region of the foot (the area just before the toes, more commonly referred to as the ball-of-the-foot).
This is a common foot disorder that can affect the bones and joints at the ball-of-the-foot. Metatarsalgia (ball-of-foot-pain) is often located under the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th metatarsal heads, or more isolated at the first metatarsal head (near the big toe).


What are causes?

With this common foot condition, one or more of the metatarsal heads become painful and/or inflamed, usually due to excessive pressure over a long period of time. It is common to experience acute, recurrent, or chronic pain with metatarsalgia.
Ball-of-foot pain is often caused from improper fitting footwear, most frequently by women’s dress shoes and other restrictive footwear.
Footwear with a narrow toe box (toe area) forces the ball-of-foot area to be forced into a minimal amount of space. This can inhibit the walking process and lead to extreme discomfort in the forefoot.
Other factors can cause excessive pressure in the ball-of-foot area that can result in metatarsalgia. These include shoes with heels that are too high or participating in high impact activities without proper footwear and/or orthotics.
Also as we get older, the fatty pad in our foot tends to thin out, making us much more susceptible to pain in the ball-of-the-foot.


What is the treatment?

The first step in treating metatarsalgia is to determine the cause of the pain.
If improper fitting footwear is the cause of the pain, the footwear must be changed. Footwear designed with a high, wide toe box (toe area) and a rocker sole is ideal for treating metatarsalgia.
The high, wide toe box allows the foot to spread out while the rocker sole reduces stress on the ball-of-the-foot.
Unloading pressure to the ball-of-the-foot can be accomplished with a variety of footcare products.
Orthotics designed to relieve ball-of-foot pain usually feature a metatarsal pad. The orthotic is constructed with the pad placed behind the ball-of-the-foot to relieve pressure and redistribute weight from the painful area to more tolerant areas.
Other products often recommended include gel metatarsal cushions and metatarsal bandages. When these products are used with proper footwear, one should experience significant relief.

Use Amron Premium full length Insoles that are biomechanically designed & work on offloading pressure system.

Amron Premium Full length Insoles help in redistributing the foot pressure & for excellent shock absorption.
Amron Metatarsal Pad offer immediate gel comfort at the ball-of-the-foot. Gel padding provides cushioning and shock absorption, while reducing irritating calluses. What are the indications of Heel Pain: Heel pain is a common condition in which weight bearing on the heel causes extreme discomfort.


What are the causes?

There are two different categories of heel pain:
The first is caused by over-use repetitive stress which refers to a soreness resulting from too much impact on a specific area of the foot. This condition often referred to as "heel pain syndrome," can be caused by shoes with heels that are too low, a thinned out fat pad in the heel area, or from a sudden increase in activity.
Plantar fasciitis, a very common diagnosis of heel pain, is usually caused from a biomechanical problem, such as over-pronation (flat feet).
The plantar fascia is a broad band of fibrous tissue that runs along the bottom surface of the foot, from the heel through the midfoot and into the forefoot.
Over-pronation can cause the plantar fascia to be excessively stretched and inflamed, resulting in pain in the heel and arch areas of the foot.
Often the pain will be most intense first thing in the morning or after a prolonged period of rest. The pain will gradually subside as the day progresses.


What is Treatment?

To treat heel pain properly, you must absorb shock, provide cushioning and elevate the heel to transfer pressure. This can be accomplished with a heel cup, heel cradle, or an orthotic designed with materials that will absorb shock and shear forces.
When the condition is pronation related (usually plantar fasciitis), an orthotic with medial posting and good arch support will control the pronation and prevent the inflammation of the plantar fascia.
Footwear selection is also an important criteria when treating heel pain. Shoes with a firm heel counter, good arch support, and appropriate heel height are the ideal choice.
Use Amron Heel Cup premium which is made up true medical grade silicone to absorb shock & provide right elevation to the heels.


What are Heel Spurs?

To treat heel pain properly, you must absorb shock, provide cushioning and elevate the heel to transfer pressure. This can be accomplished with a heel cup, heel cradle, or an orthotic designed with materials that will absorb shock and shear forces.
When the condition is pronation related (usually plantar fasciitis), an orthotic with medial posting and good arch support will control the pronation and prevent the inflammation of the plantar fascia.
Footwear selection is also an important criteria when treating heel pain. Shoes with a firm heel counter, good arch support, and appropriate heel height are the ideal choice.
Use Amron Heel Cup premium which is made up true medical grade silicone to absorb shock & provide right elevation to the heels.